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Volume 69, issue 4
Geogr. Helv., 69, 249-258, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-69-249-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Rural development

Geogr. Helv., 69, 249-258, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-69-249-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Standard article 11 Dec 2014

Standard article | 11 Dec 2014

"Investors are good, if they follow the rules" – power relations and local perceptions in the case of two European forestry companies in Tanzania

M. Locher and U. Müller-Böker M. Locher and U. Müller-Böker
  • Human Geography, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Abstract. The rapidly increasing interest of foreign investors in land in the global South, also termed land grabbing, has been widely discussed as potentially supportive, but often rather harmful for local populations. Combining a critical livelihoods perspective with access theory and a bargaining model, this study scrutinizes local people's perceptions of the land investments, power relations during land negotiations and intra-community differences. By analysing two European forestry companies in Tanzania, we have chosen a sector and a country with presumably more positive outcomes for local populations. The deals resulted in not only labour opportunities and infrastructural improvements, which are mainly perceived as positive, but also cases of violated land rights, inadequate compensation and decreased food security. Hence, even under favourable preconditions, the consequences for local people are ambivalent. With this study, we contribute to a differentiated analysis of the contested role of large-scale land deals in contemporary rural development.

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