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Geographica Helvetica
Geogr. Helv., 73, 165-175, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-73-165-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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03 May 2018
Fuelwood territorialities: Chantier d'Aménagement Forestier and the reproduction of “political forests” in Burkina Faso
Muriel Côte1 and Denis Gautier2,3 1Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
2CIRAD, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
3Forêts et Sociétés, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
Abstract. This paper investigates the endurance of a national forest management programme in Burkina Faso called Chantier d'Aménagement Forestier (CAF), which focuses on the participatory sustainable production of fuelwood and is widely supported by international donors despite evidence of its shortcomings. We analyse the surprising persistence of the CAF model as a case of the territorialisation of state power through the reproduction of political forests – drawing on the work of Peluso and Vandergeest (2001, 2011). Analysing some the shortcomings and incoherencies of the model, we bring to light the role of non-state actors in the reproduction of the CAF as a political forest. We show that informal regulatory arrangements have emerged between state and non-state actors, namely merchants and customary authorities, over the production of fuelwood. We call these arrangements fuelwood territorialities because they have contributed to keeping the CAF's resource model unquestioned. With fuelwood territorialities, we draw attention to the role of non-state actors in the reproduction of political forests, that is, the process of state territorialisation through forest governance. This analysis helps clarify how certain areas, such as the CAFs, keep being officially represented as forest even though they are dominated by a patchwork of fields, fallows, and savannahs and do not have the ecological characteristics of one.
Citation: Côte, M. and Gautier, D.: Fuelwood territorialities: Chantier d'Aménagement Forestier and the reproduction of “political forests” in Burkina Faso, Geogr. Helv., 73, 165-175, https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-73-165-2018, 2018.
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This paper interrogates the endurance of a national forest management programme in Burkina Faso called Chantier d’Aménagement Forestier (CAF) despite evidence of its shortcomings. Analysing the political economics of control over fuelwood markets helps elucidate the endurance of the CAF model. This is important because it helps us understand how certain areas continue to be officially referred to as "forest" even when they do not have the ecological characteristic of one.
This paper interrogates the endurance of a national forest management programme in Burkina Faso...
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