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Volume 73, issue 1 | Copyright

Special issue: Raum, Gesetze, Daten: Beiträge zu einer Wissenschaftsgeschichte...

Geogr. Helv., 73, 49-61, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Standard article 14 Feb 2018

Standard article | 14 Feb 2018

Fortschritt und Verdrängung – Ökologischer Fehlschluss und quantitative Revolution in der Geographie

Jan Kemper Jan Kemper
  • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Institut für Humangeographie, Frankfurt, Germany

Abstract. The quantitative revolution in the field of geography is commonly recalled as a story of scientific success, overcoming parochial, regionalist and ideographic modes of geography. This paper, however, suggests a different, yet parallel narrative. It reveals that the methodological reorientation towards statistical geography was a coping strategy, adopted by researchers from within and outside the discipline of geography in order to defend the analysis of ecological (i. e., spatially aggregated) data against the powerful critique of producing “ecological fallacies”. Through emphasizing how the quantitative revolution was an expression of both modernizing and protective tendencies within the field of geography, the paper contributes to a more concrete understanding of what motivates methodological change in geography.

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